If you’re searching for a reliable power source for your boat, you’ve likely come across deep-cycle marine batteries. Deep cycle marine batteries provide the backup power needed for your boat’s outboard motor and all the gadgets you have on board. But are deep-cycle marine batteries worth your money?
Here’s a quick answer:
Deep-cycle marine batteries are a good choice for powering a marine vessel because they provide reliable and consistent power. They are designed to withstand extreme boating conditions like the vibration and frequent discharging of an onboard trolling motor. They are also designed to last for long periods, sometimes up to 10 years, depending on usage.
By the end of this blog post, you will have all the information you need to make an informed decision on whether or not you should invest in deep-cycle marine batteries.
What is a Deep Cycle Marine Battery?
A deep-cycle marine battery is an essential piece of equipment for powering recreational and professional marine vessels. It's a battery designed to provide sustained, deep discharge power for various uses.
This battery is best suited for powering motors, lights, and other boat accessories that require a large amount of power over an extended time. Deep-cycle marine batteries are reliable and powerful, allowing various applications for all sorts of marine vessels' activities.
How Does a Deep Cycle Marine Battery Work?
A deep-cycle marine battery has many thick plates immersed in an electrolyte solution or gel. As energy is drawn from the battery, the plates convert chemical energy into electrical energy, which is then drawn in the form of direct current.
The process is reversed when the battery is plugged into the charging circuit, and the plates absorb energy from the circuit. This energy refills the electrolyte and creates equilibrium in the battery cells.
Types of Deep-Cycle Marine Batteries
Deep-cycle marine batteries come in three main types: Flooded Lead Acid, Gel Lead Acid, and Absorbent Glass Mat (AGM). Additionally, lithium-ion batteries are an increasingly popular option.
Flooded Lead Acid
These batteries are the least expensive and are best suited for low-power applications such as trolling motors. These batteries have a cycle life of 500-1000 cycles with a recommended depth of discharge (DOD) of 50%. The efficiency of flooded lead acid deep cycle batteries is about 70%.
Gel Lead Acid
Gel batteries are more expensive than their flooded equivalents but offer superior storage capabilities. They are the battery of choice for boats with large power requirements, such as sailboats and cabin cruisers. The recommended depth of discharge for gel lead acid batteries is 75%, and they have a cycle life of 1000 cycles with this DOD. Gel lead acid batteries have an efficiency of 80%.
Absorbent Glass Mat
AGM batteries are the most efficient and have the longest life of all deep-cycle batteries. They are also the most expensive. These batteries are best suited for boats with high power demand requirements, such as sailboats and cabin cruisers. The recommended depth of discharge for these batteries is 50%, and they have a cycle life of 500-3500. AGM batteries will clock efficiency of about 80%.
These batteries are the most recent development in deep-cycle marine batteries and offer the highest efficiency and cycle life. They have an efficiency rate of 95% and an estimated cycle life between 2500 and 10000. Their recommended depth of discharge is 80-85%.
Overall, deep-cycle marine batteries have become more advanced, efficient, and long-lasting while giving boat owners various power options.
Choosing the best Deep Cycle Marine Batteries
For long-term use, safety and reliability, it is essential to consider good criteria when selecting a deep-cycle marine battery. Here, we will discuss four key factors that deserve close attention during the selection process.
When it comes to marine batteries, efficiency should be the number one priority. The more efficient a battery, the less output is wasted. Therefore, when making a selection, be sure to prioritize batteries with good charge and discharge rates. Generally, lithium models provide the most efficient and longest lasting performance, but AGM batteries are also a good option.
A battery’s lifespan is one of the critical factors to be considered when purchasing a deep-cycle marine battery. Factors such as the type of battery and usage significantly affect the battery's lifespan. Generally speaking, lithium batteries offer the longest lifespan, providing up to 5,000 recharge cycles, as opposed to lead-acid batteries, which usually bottom out at around 1,000 recharge cycles.
Weight is another vital factor to consider when selecting deep-cycle marine batteries. Depending on the size and type of boat, the battery's weight can significantly impact the vessel’s performance. Lithium-ion batteries are still a great option here, offering excellent performance without sacrificing weight.
Reliability, of course, is paramount when selecting a marine battery. While it’s easy to be tempted by cheap products, focus on those with the most reliable performance. Generally, lithium-ion batteries offer the least amount of risk in this regard and are best suited for long-term marine battery needs.
Pros and Cons of Deep Cycle Marine Batteries
Deep-cycle marine batteries are specially designed to serve various aquatic activities' needs and demands. With the ability to provide a lower amount of energy over a longer term and thick plates designed to withstand high temperatures, they are an excellent choice for different applications. Let's take a look at the pros and cons of having deep-cycle marine batteries.
- Low energy output over a longer time: Deep cycle marine batteries are designed to allow a lower amount of energy over an extended period since they have fewer, thicker plates.
- Structure: Deep cycle marine batteries are exceptionally strong and dependable, withstanding the demands of aquatic activities.
- Versatility: Deep cycle batteries are suitable for a wide array of uses such as GPS equipment, sonar, radios, lighting, powering music systems, and even powering a trolling motor.
- Withstand high temperatures: The thicker plates found in deep-cycle batteries make them less likely to overheat during charging and discharging.
- Can Be Drained Up To 80%: Without taking any damage to the battery, you can drain them up to 80% of their capacity.
- Initial Cost: The initial investment for a deep-cycle marine battery may be a bit high, especially the lithium-ion varieties.
- Weight: Due to the thick plates, these batteries can be considerably heavier, especially if they contain a liquid electrolyte.
- Maintenance: Deep cycle batteries require regular maintenance to keep them functioning at their optimal level.
Installing a Deep Cycle Marine Battery
Here is a general process you can follow to replace your deep-cycle marine battery with a new one:
- Begin by disconnecting the positive and negative terminals of the existing boat battery.
- Remove the old battery from the boat, being careful not to spill any acid that might be inside.
- Place the new deep-cycle marine battery onto a flat, level surface and adjust the holding brackets for the new battery.
- Secure the new deep-cycle marine battery using the provided screws.
- Connect the negative terminal from the boat wiring to the negative terminal of the new battery.
- Connect the positive terminal from the boat wiring to the positive terminal of the new battery.
- Secure the wiring to the boat and the terminals of the deep-cycle marine battery to avoid any contact with the corrosive engine compartment.
- Check all connections are tightened and secure before replacing the battery cover.
Charging a Deep Cycle Marine Battery
This 7-step guide explains how to safely and correctly charge a deep-cycle marine battery.
- Determine the type of battery you own, such as a flooded/wet, AGM, or Gel battery.
- Set the charger to the appropriate program for your battery type.
- Ensure that the correct charge to your battery matches the battery size and the previous depth of discharge.
- Connect the charger to your battery’s terminals to start the charging process.
- Monitor the progress of charging by periodically checking the charging amperage and voltage levels.
- Unplug the charger and disconnect it from the battery after the charge reaches full capacity.
- Turn off the charger and store it in a safe and dry place when not in use.
How to Maintain Deep Cycle Marine Batteries
Maintaining deep-cycle marine batteries is essential for keeping your boat running smoothly.
To ensure optimal performance, start by regularly cleaning the terminals and maintaining an adequate charge state. Use a charger specially made for your deep cycle batteries to charge your battery, and follow the above directions carefully.
You should also check your battery's electrolyte levels and refill if necessary. Additionally, inspect and replace the battery's connections if needed. Lastly, store your battery in a cool, dry place and cover it to protect it from the elements.
Following these tips will keep your deep-cycle marine batteries in excellent condition for a long time.
What is the difference between deep cycle and cranking marine batteries?
Deep-cycle marine batteries are designed for onboard electrical systems and provide a steady, long-term energy supply. These batteries are great for powering a boat's electronics but are not suitable for giving a starting charge to an engine due to their low cold cranking amps ratings.
On the other hand, cranking batteries are specifically made to provide the current necessary to start an engine. Still, they are not built to last as long as deep-cycle batteries and drawing power for extended periods can damage them.
Therefore, most boats are fitted with both batteries, each designed for its sole purpose.
What is a dual-purpose marine battery?
A dual-purpose marine battery is a battery that can provide both the cranking power needed to start the engine and also energy to power other electrical components installed on the boat. It is an ideal choice for small fishing boats or recreational vessels.
Should I charge my deep-cycle marine battery after every use?
The answer to this question depends on how the deep-cycle marine battery is used. Generally, when the battery reaches at least 50% of its full charge, it should be recharged.
In conclusion, deep-cycle marine batteries can be an excellent choice for those who need reliable and stable power for their boats. They provide several benefits, such as the ability to store power for long periods, being able to withstand extreme temperatures, and improved longevity.
When selecting a deep-cycle marine battery, it is essential to consider your power requirements and application.
Once installed, it’s important to charge and maintain your battery correctly to keep it running smoothly. With the right deep-cycle marine battery, you can enjoy superior performance and reliability on the water!